Employer's Responsibility in Redundancy
1. The employer must draw up a plan to decide who will be kept on and who will be made redundant and why.
2. The employer must inform the workforce as soon as possible, so they have a chance to put forward alternatives or apply for other jobs with the current employer or with another employer.
3. The employer should consider any proposals that the employees or their representatives make as an alternative to redundancy.
4. The employer should decide as soon as possible how many employees will be made redundant.
1. The employer must consult the employees' representatives (this includes Unions) if 20 or more people are going to be made redundant. This involves discussion of the business reasons for making the closure. These discussions must take place before a final decision on closure of a workplace is made.
2. The employer must discuss alternatives to redundancy and the selection criteria for redundancy.
3. The employer can carry on the redundancy procedures whilst the consultation is going on (for example, sending out redundancy notices to the affected employees). However, the employer should not issue redundancy notices before he has had a chance to consult properly.
4. If the employer does not consult properly the Employment Tribunal can make the employer pay a "Protective Award". This states that the employer must keep the employees on and must pay their wages for a certain amount of time (whether they actually remain working or not). The length of this Protective Award period is usually fairly short.
5. Whilst there is a duty to consult, an employer is not prevented from making redundancies if after meaningful consultation has taken place, no agreement can be reached.
Insolvency Service Redundancy Payments Service (RPS)
The employer must inform the Insolvency Service Redundancy Payments Service (RPS) by letter or using Form HR1. Consultation and notification must take place 30 days before dismissal if the employer is going to make between 20 - 99 employees redundant. Or 90 days if over 100 are to be dismissed. One of the reasons for this is so that accurate employment statistics and records can be compiled.
From April 2013 the consultation & notification period for 100 or more employees being made redundant will be reduced from 90 days to 45 days.
1. If a group of employees are selected for redundancy the employer must show what type of work they do and why the demand for that work has decreased or stopped completely.
2. If the amount of work has decreased so that only some of the employees within a group are selected, the employer must show how they picked those unlucky ones.
3. The employer must show in detail the selection procedure and criteria. This can range from "last in first out" to a scoring system, with the employer giving points for certain job skills.
4. The selection criteria should not be based upon an individual's view of each employee, (for example, what the personnel manager thinks).
5. Once the criteria has been agreed it should be kept to.
6. The employer should also try and agree the selection criteria with the employees' representatives or Union.
The selection procedure and criteria cannot be based upon unfair reasons such as:
Trade Union membership or activity.
If the selection criteria is based upon Race, Disability, Age or Sex the affected employee can claim under Unfair Dismissal or the relevant discrimination law.
Consulting Each Employee
The employer must consult each affected employee before dismissal notices are handed out, so that there is a chance of real consultation and time for the employee to respond. The selected group may change due to the consultation process.
The consultation must involve the following:
1. Why their type of job is under threat.
2. Explain why according to the selection criteria this employee may be chosen for redundancy. (They have not been selected yet as the dismissal notices have yet to be sent out).
3. The employee should be given a couple of days to respond after being told.
4. The employer should consider any views or opinions expressed by the employee.
5. Both the employer and employee should consider any alternative work that the employee could do or any ways in which the employee could stay in their current job.
6. Once the selection has been finally decided the employer should have a second interview with each of the effected employees. This is when the employer can actually hand out the dismissal notices.
The employer can offer the employee other work instead of making them redundant. The employee has a choice whether to accept it or not. Though if the employee unreasonably refuses the offer the employer may avoid paying them redundancy pay.
The employer can offer the employee a job identical to their current job or a job with similar skills. The job must have similar pay, conditions and skill requirements.
Any refusal is looked at from each individual employee's view. Some employees may accept the offer others for their own personal reasons may not. For example, the new job may require more travelling for some employees than their current job, but less for others.
The alternative job offer must be made before the current job ends and the start date must be no more than 4 weeks after the old job ended.
The first 4 weeks of the new job will be a trial period. During this time or when the 4 weeks have finished the employee can still leave the job and claim dismissal and redundancy pay. The employer and employee can agree a longer trial period for the new job if they want, the 4 weeks is the minimum period.
An employer may claim that a dismissal is because of reorganisation, in order to avoid making a redundancy payment. An employer can legitimately dismiss an employee if he or she will not accept a change in terms and conditions resulting from a reorganisation if the employer can show such changes are necessary to the continued management and efficiency of the business, and the employee's refusal to "fit in" justifies the dismissal.
It is sufficient for an employer to show the reorganisation is for sound business reasons, which require a change in an employee's terms and conditions.
- UK Employment Law
- Unfair Dismissal
- Unfair Dismissal
- Qualifying for Unfair Dismissal
- Length of Service
- Exceptions for Unfair Dismissal
- End of Employment
- Time Limit
- Retirement & Unfair Dismissal
- Excluded Groups
- Constructive Dismissal
- Unfair Dismissal Compensation
- Basic Award
- Compensatory Award
- Additional Award
- Wrongful Dismissal
- Notice Periods
- Employer's Breach
- Unfair & Wrongful Dismissal
- Grievance & Disciplinary
- Redundancy Defined
- Employer's Responsibilities
- Redundancy Pay
- Direct Discrimination
- Indirect Discrimination
- Age Discrimination
- Employer & Employee Liability
- Remedies & Compensation
- Maternity Rights
- Ante-Natal Care
- Time off for Dependants
- Maternity Leave & Pay
- Parental Leave
- Right to Return to Work
- Compulsory Maternity Leave
- Suspension from Work
- Other Work Rights
- Paternity Leave & Pay
- Adoption Leave & Pay
- Flexible Working
- Statutory Sick Pay
- Contractual Sick Pay
- Current Rate & Calculation
- Help, Advice and Funding
- Employment Appeal Tribunal
- Human Rights Act 1998
- Employment Tribunal Fees
- Links & Addresses